What is Transhumanisms?
In general it is a philosophy and an active movement advocating human modification by technological means aiming at enhancement of human possibilities and living conditions of all kinds.
The philosophy detaches itself from our evolutionary concept of natural selection and survival of the fittest and replaces it by humans own wishes and perceptions. The human becomes the steersman of evolution!
At this point many recent and historical leaders of the movement do not follow the nationalistic study and practice of eugenics – state controlled selective breeding creating an advanced human species- but every set of parents has the choice to create a child according to its own wishes and conceivability.
To advance the human intellectually, psychologically and physically the movement wants to make use of various technologies.
The main technologies are: nanotechnology, biotechnology, information technology and cognitive science and hypothetical future technologies such as simulated reality, artificial intelligence, super intelligence, mind uploading, chemical brain preservation, and cryonics.
But as tempting as it sounds to create super humans it also poses many problems and controversies.
At first there is a practical criticism arguing that the necessary technology does not exist and never will. Referring to earlier predictions of genetic engineering that overestimated by far the capabilities of this technology.
Ethics is another critical aspect that should be kept clearly in mind.
Can humans defy evolution and play god?
Can our planet handle a population with access to the fountain of youth.
These are just some questions out of an endless pool that must be posed.
Many dystopian horror-scenarios have been thought and put down in writing our movies recently and in the past. Ranging from The Brave New World, Futurehype: The Tyranny of Prophecy, Enough: Staying Human in an Engineered Age, … to Terminator or Repo man.
The biggest community with regular meetings is in California, Los Angeles.
Circles of transhumanists are looking for the fountain of youth and I doubt that they are intending to share their findings with the public. I personally think that it is very scary to know that there might be an elite with access to eternal life. So let’s hope that is more hype than reality and we will never have to face theses problems and still know where we belong.